"We continue to urge all nuclear-capable states, including Pakistan, to exercise restraint regarding furthering their nuclear capabilities," State Department Spokesman John Kirby said yesterday.
He was responding to a question on a latest report by two top American think-tank, according to which in a decade or so, Pakistan would have more than 350 nuclear weapons that would be third largest stockpile of nuclear weapons after the United State and Russia.
The 48-page report titled 'A Normal Nuclear Pakistan' said that Pakistan will retain its capabilities for the foreseeable future as a necessary deterrent against perceived existential threats from India.
"At this juncture, Pakistan's military leadership in Rawalpindi can choose to accept success in achieving a strategic deterrent against India — a nuclear force posture sufficient to prevent limited nuclear exchanges and a major conventional war," it said.
"Alternatively, it can choose to continue to compete with India in the pursuit of full spectrum deterrence, which would entail open-ended nuclear requirements against targets both near and far from Pakistan. These choices would lead Pakistan to two starkly different nuclear futures and places in the global nuclear order," the report added.
The report also said that Pakistan consider five nuclear weapon-related initiatives including shifting declaratory policy from 'full spectrum' to 'strategic' deterrence, and committing to a recessed deterrence posture and limit production of short-range delivery vehicles and tactical
nuclear weapons.


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