New Delhi: Prime Minister's Economic Advisory Panel has demanded that the government should utilise all available policy options to check inflation to an acceptable level of 4-5 per cent from the existing 8.31 per cent.

"We must use all our policy instruments to bring down the current inflation and re-anchor the inflationary expectations to the four-or-five-per cent comfort zone", C Rangarajan, who heads the Prime Minister's Economic Advisory Council (PMEAC) said.

Elaborating on the trade-off between country's economic growth and its rate of price rise, Rangarajan said an environment of reasonable price stability is considered "conducive" to economic growth.

Highlighting that past four weeks have registered a surge in vegetable prices, one of the primary causes of food inflation this year, Rangarajan said "inflation is expected to come down in the coming weeks".

While mentioning the role of supply-side disturbances in contributing to the price rise, he said such a situation warrants monetary action pertaining to liquidity and interest rates, else inflation has chances of spreading to the manufacturing sector.

Rangarajan also cautioned on the adverse impact of high inflation on India's GDP (Gross Domestic Product- market value of all final goods and services produced in a country in a
given period), saying persistent high prices can distort the motives for investment, thereby undermining growth.

Food inflation stood at 9.5 per cent for the week ended March 19 amid easing of pulses prices, even as fruits and protein-based items remained costly. Food inflation stood at
20.18 per cent in the comparable period last year.

Headline inflation in the country has remained above 8 per cent since February, 2010. Overall inflation in February this year stood at 8.31 per cent.

Meanwhile, non-food inflation was up by 26.18 per cent year-on-year.

Policymakers have been struggling to manage the trade-off between growth and inflation, with the RBI hiking its short-term monetary policy rates, repo (lending) and reverse repo (borrowing) rates eight times since March 2010.

(Agencies)