Dehradun: When politics dominates developmental schemes, the natives of the state inevitably pay the price. This is what happened in Uttarakhand, a state created after bifurcation from Uttar Pradesh in November 2000.

In its ten years, the state has failed to make the very best use of Rs 10, 000 crores which comes under centrally sponsored and externally-aided schemes.

Had the state government spent the entire amount, the scenario of the state would have been different. Both the centrally sponsored schemes and externally-aided schemes are beneficial for the state as it receives huge subsidy.

The worst condition can be gauged from the fact that total budgetary allocation for centrally sponsored funds was around Rs 20,279.62 crores out of which huge amount of Rs 10, 000 crores remained unspent.

With the Assembly elections round the corner, the political blame game on the unused amount will do the rounds. But it is noteworthy that the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Congress are equally responsible for the mess as both the governments did not utilize the total funds allocated for development work during their regime.

BJP tenure

The current BJP government got centrally-aided schemes worth Rs 7048. 78 crores during the 11th Five Year Plan (2007-2012). The state spent mere 47.93 percent of the fund by December 15, 2011which amounts to Rs 4403. 99 crores. 
During the same period, the total budget outlay was Rs 4636.95 crores for the externally-aided schemes out of which, Rs 1523 crores or 32. 86 percent of the total fund was spent.

Congress tenure

The previous Congress government had spent Rs 2924.33 crores out of Rs 5394.7 crores budgetary allocations for centrally-aided schemes during the 10th Five Year Plan (2002-2007).

Out of the externally-aided schemes worth Rs 1060.23 crores, Rs 442.45 crores or 41.73 percent was spent by the Congress government.

Centrally sponsored schemes

Centrally sponsored schemes running in the state are Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, National Secondary Education Abhiyan, Mid Day Meal, Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme, National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, Indira Awas Yojana, Rajiv Gandhi Grameen. Vidyutikaran Yojana, Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme, Central Rural Sanitation Programme, National Rural Health Mission, National Agricultural Development Scheme, National Social Assistance Programme and Backward Region Grant Fund.

Externally-aided schemes

Externally-aided schemes are Uttarakhand Decentralization Watershed Development Project-World Bank, Livelihood Improvement Project for the Himalayas, Power Project-Hydro Power Generation and Transmission-ADB, Road and Bridge-ADB, Technical Education-World Bank, Tourism Development-Japan Grant, Health System Development Project-World Bank, Water Supply-World Bank, Urban Infrastructure Development-ADB.

JPN/Bureau