Maduro's supporters roused voters before dawn on Sunday with trucks blasting reveille, but turnout seemed to be light, at least in the impoverished Petare neighbourhood and some other districts of the capital.

The vote for mayors and city councils in this deeply polarized country was bound to be competitive. Maduro defeated opposition leader Henrique Capriles by a razor-thin margin in the election held in April to choose Hugo Chavez's successor following his death from cancer.
Capriles has refused to recognize the results, alleging fraud.

Since then, Venezuela's economic troubles have deepened, with inflation touching a two-decade high of 54 percent, and shortages of everything from toilet paper to milk spreading while the black market value of the currency plunges.

Disapproval of Maduro's rule has been rising, especially within the coalition of ideological leftists and members of the military that he inherited from Chavez.

But the 51-year-old former bus driver has managed to regain momentum by going after groups and businesses he accuses of waging economic war against his socialist government.

Among the most popular measures: the seizure of dozens of retailers and the slashing of prices on plasma TVs, refrigerators and other appliances. Local pollster Luis Vicente Leon said the offencive helped boost president's approval rating from 41 percent in September to just over 50 percent, about the same level of support he garnered in the April election.

"These elections are going to ratify what the government is doing against this fictitious inflation," janitor Antonio Doria said as he stood in line to vote at a school in Petare.

While the opposition claimed it's the target of a campaign by Maduro to intimidate media that provide airtime to its events, pro-government candidates were helped by abundant coverage of almost-daily appearances by the president. It was one year ago to the day that Chavez returned to Caracas from Cuba, where he was undergoing cancer treatment, to anoint Maduro as his eventual successor.

To commemorate that fateful day, Maduro decreed on Sunday a national holiday of "loyalty and love" for Chavez, a move the opposition denounced as an electoral ploy.

Calling the national electoral council's tally "sacred," Maduro called on all candidates to respect the results and said the government had taken precautions to avoid any disruption of voting.


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