Her comments came after at least 34 writers, over the past weeks, handed over their Sahitya Akademi awards in the aftermath of the killing of Kannada writer MM Kalburgi and Dadri lynching incident, among other issues.
"If it is not able to declare and pursue such a policy, I will be obliged, in solidarity with my fellow writers, to renounce my membership of the Akademi and the award it gave me when I was a young writer in more hopeful times," Desai said in a statement distributed by PEN International here.
The 78-year-old author who received a Sahitya Award in 1978 for her novel "Fire on the Mountain" said she was born in an India that enshrined democracy, pluralism and the freedom of speech in its constitution.

"I do not recognise India of the present time where, under the banner of 'Hindutva,' intimidation and bigotry seek to silence writers, scholars and all who believe in secular and rational thought," the writer said.
The author said in an atmosphere where there is no security or support for those who voice dissent, criticism or rational thought, there can be no intellectual or artistic work of any worth.

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