The researchers found that among women whose income was lower than their male counterparts, the odds of major depression were nearly 2.5 times higher than men; but among women whose income equaled or exceeded their male counterparts, their odds of depression were no different than men.

Where women's incomes were lower than their male counterparts, their odds of anxiety disorder were more than four times higher.

The findings are based on data from a 2001-2002 US population-representative sample of 22,581 working adults ages 30-65.

The researchers referred to the norms, expectations, and opportunities surrounding the types of jobs women occupy and the way those jobs are valued and compensated relative to men.

The study was published online in the journal Social Science & Medicine.

 

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