New Delhi: It is yet another World AIDS Day where HIV prevention or rather elimination has been a hot topic since it has taken shape of an epidemic. In India, HIV is a stigma even though many awareness campaigns have been orgnaised by both government and non-governmental orgnaisations. People keep off from HIV infected patients resulting in a major hurdle for its treatment and elimination at large.
On the World AIDS Day, let us throw some light on a few stratling facts about HIV in India and realize how far has India come with HIV elimination:
- India is the third largest HIV epidemic country in the world (2013 report)
- 2.1 million people in India are living with HIV (2013 report)
- 1,30,000 people in India have died due to HIV related diseases in 2013
- 51 percent HIV related deaths in Asia were in India
- In India, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are the states with most HIV prevalence
- 2.8 percent sex workers in India are living with HIV
- Out of the 4,27,000 MSM (men who have sex with men) in India, 4.4 percent have HIV
- 8.8 percent transgenders in India have HIV
- 75 percent of women testing postive for HIV have migrant labourer husbands
- In 2013, due to lack of PMCTC treatment, 13,000 kids were born with HIV in India
- The HIV or AIDS Bill in India prohibits discrimination of HIV infected person in employment, health, travel, education sectors.
Read More: Myths that need to die down about HIV
Data source: avert, naco
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